Screen printing is a very old printing technique that has developed greatly over the past decade to suit modern graphic design practice. It can be a very craft-based method due to its very much human involved element. However, there are industrial automatic and semi-automatic screen printing machines available to suit large jobs. It is not the most common form of printing due to its lack of consistency in quality. However, with industrial methods developed, quality in large quantities has become far more consistent. It is possible to CMYK print on a screen printing bread, although it is more favourable for spot colour methods. This is why it can become more craft based. Some artists and designers create several screens for spot colours to produce hand printed designs that have time and care put into them. The process has an advantage in the fact that you can print onto almost any stock so long as it is flat. It is a popular method for printing on t-shirts. This diagram explains how it works:
During the manual screen printing process (pulling the squeegee to squeeze the paint through the mesh screen)
Artist for the band Radiohead, Stanley Donwood advocates the process of screen printing in a lot of his work. Here is his his own manual screen printing bed surrounded by his own prints
A Stanley Donwood screen print. Note the layered spot colour that gives a translucent effect. This is an effect achievable in the process simply by layering
Be seeing you!